Types of Violations

Academic dishonesty includes, but is not limited to, the following:


Plagiarism is the act of using the words or ideas of other people and representing them as one’s own. It can consist of the large-scale copying of paragraphs and pages of text from other sources, or it can consist of the unwitting failure to credit sources of ideas and words. Plagiarism is an act that is especially offensive in the academic community, where ideas and words are held in such high regard.

Purchasing Academic Assignments

Buying written materials from someone else or from so-called term-paper mills constitutes a serious breach of academic integrity. Clearly, using work from someone else or submitting work purchased from any third party is a form of plagiarism and misrepresentation.

Selling Academic Assignments

Offering for purchase any assignment or inappropriate assistance on an assignment that is known to be in fulfillment of a UB requirement is a clear act of academic dishonesty. All submitted work must entirely represent the effort of the student in the course.

Submitting Previously Submitted Work

Students should recognize that reusing their own work (in whole or in part) for multiple assignments, either in a single course or in multiple courses, is self-plagiarism. Prior and expressed consent of all faculty members involved is required for this to ever be allowable. Faculty have the right to expect that all work done in their course is original.

Aiding in Academic Dishonesty

In addition to committing dishonest acts to benefit yourself, academic integrity forbids unauthorized assistance to others. Students cannot knowingly aid others in acts of academic dishonesty. This includes, but is not limited to, completing an examination or assignment for another student or stealing an examination or completed assignment for another student.


Cheating involves using any unauthorized aids on exams, papers, reports, assignments or any other academic work. If there are questions about what resources are allowed to be accessed or the level of collaboration that is allowed to occur, instructors should be asked to specify the guidelines.

Misrepresenting Documents

No university or official document, record or form of identification can be misused in any way. This includes forgery or alteration. Examples might be altering a transcript or tampering with a student ID.

Falsifying Academic Materials

Honesty is the foundation of the teacher-student relationship. Any falsification of academic materials obviously erodes that relationship. Simple examples include false excuses for absences or reasons for late work as well as forging an instructor’s name or initials. More serious violations include fabricating laboratory materials, notes, reports, or any form of computer data as well as submitting an altered examination or assignment for re-evaluation without the instructor’s authorization.

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